Causes of Miscarriage – Dr. Hrishikesh Pai, IVF Specialist

The gift of life can only be received from a woman who has been engineered to precision by the Almighty superpower, some say. Some call it the evolution of mankind. It is a privilege that the woman has that she can bestow this gift. However, a woman is traumatized by the loss of this life that is being cultivated within her. The reasons are unfathomable to her, and getting to the root cause of it is her primary need, especially if the loss is recurrent.

If you are one of those women traumatized by this recurrent loss, you may benefit from this article because it shines a light on the causes and preventions and points you in the direction of a streamlined treatment plan.

Please read this article and consult Dr. Hrishikesh Pai to get answers to your problems with an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan to help you conceive and carry the pregnancy to term.

He is one of the best in the field of IVF specialization and is the founder of Bloom IVF center.

It is one of the best IVF centers in Mumbai that you can go to for their sheer professionalism and high success rates.

Continue to read on to know more about some causes of miscarriages.

Why Do Miscarriages Occur?

Miscarriage may occur owing to multiple reasons. Below some causes are mentioned. See if you resonate with any of those; maybe you will be able to get over your experience and come to terms with what has happened.

If anything, it will help you understand and if you are mentally stable, be willing to try again.

Rh factor incompatibility: If the RH factor of the fetus is different from that of the mother, there are chances of a miscarriage. But thanks to the competent doctors and their complete determination and dedication to help the mother and the child survive, these instances have come down noticeably.

Improper implantation: when the fertilized egg fails to implant properly to the uterine wall, miscarriage is a possibility. Also, if the pregnancy is ectopic (outside the uterus), miscarriage is a certain possibility.

Trauma and injuries to the abdomen area: A hard or blunt blow to the abdomen during pregnancy might result in miscarriage.

Illegal drug use while pregnant: drug abuse during pregnancy. If the parent is unaware of the pregnancy and has taken prescription drugs, the pregnancy may end due to miscarriage as these drugs do not find a blood circulation path in the fetal body. So if you are aware of your pregnancy, then do not consume any drug or medication unless advised otherwise by the doctor who is made aware of your pregnancy.

Genetic Disorder: One of the most common reasons for miscarriage is genetics caused by chromosomal abnormalities. When a woman suffers this sort of miscarriage, she believes she has menstruated twice in a cycle or period that month when in fact, she has experienced a miscarriage. If it happens early, the woman may not even be aware of her pregnancy.

Informed abortions: If you have undergone purposeful abortions in the past, you are more likely to have a miscarriage in subsequent pregnancies. Miscarriages occur when the cervix becomes irritable, incompetent, and sensitive due to intentional abortion. Your body cannot sustain the appropriate amounts of hormones required to support a pregnancy during this time.

Age: One of the most critical factors in miscarriages is one’s age. If you are between the ages of 35 and 45, the risk of miscarriage ranges from 20% to 35%, and 50% if you are 45 and above.

Other causes: Miscarriages can happen for various reasons, some of which are unknown. Miscarriages can be caused by multiple factors, including radiation exposure, starvation, smoking, or a high caffeine intake. Hormones, Pesticides, and antibiotics are some of the environmental elements that cause miscarriage. Farmers use these when growing livestock.

Miscarriages are classified as:

A threatened miscarriage occurs when the uterus bleeds. Women suffer from a cervix blockage and lower back pain, and cramping in this situation.

Complete miscarriage occurs when a pregnant woman’s uterus entirely expels her fetus. The bleeding normally stops quickly, and women endure pain and cramps.

Missed miscarriage: When the fetus dies in the womb, and you are unaware of it because it is still in the womb. You will know only when you go for an ultrasound.

Miscarriages are classified as

Miscarriage Signs and Symptoms:

Excessive bleeding is one of the most prevalent symptoms. It may start small, but it evolves to more extensive bleeding with time.

  • Back pain and severe cramps.
  • Vaginal bleeding that is constant or irregular.
  • Consistent pelvic cramps and stomach ache.
  • Blood clots or grey (fetal) tissue exiting the vaginal canal.
Miscarriage Signs and Symptoms

Diagnosing Miscarriage and treatment:

The main goal of care during and after a miscarriage is to avoid bleeding and infection.

To determine if a miscarriage has occurred, doctors usually recommend a blood test, pelvic examination, and ultrasound.

Suppose the baby’s heartbeat is normal and there are no other signs of miscarriage or other difficulties. In that case, doctors can administer medicine to support the pregnancy as it may be a case of threatened miscarriages.

To detect a miscarriage, doctors additionally check the levels of the pregnancy hormone HCG.

In the case of several miscarriages (2-3), doctors attempt to figure out what’s causing the failures and recommend genetic testing, blood tests, medication, or an ultrasound of the pelvic region (an x-Ray of the uterus and the fallopian tube can be undertaken to evaluate the various causes of miscarriages), Hysteroscopy (viewing into a uterus through telescope-like equipment)

detect a miscarriage

The Psychological Consequences of a Pregnancy Miscarriage:

An expectant mother’s psyche prepares and anticipates the birth of her child. When this does not happen, a woman is left with a void and an incredibly emotional and vulnerable scenario. When it comes to a planned baby, the sensation is even more vital. Most doctors advise patients to wait a certain amount of time after a miscarriage to help them mentally heal.

Getting proper counseling is an excellent approach to getting over the shock. The spouses should discuss their sentiments and emotions in a shared discourse and interaction. Even talking to folks who have dealt with this issue before can be quite beneficial.

Miscarriage Prevention:

A miscarriage is difficult to prevent unless the doctors can detect a preventable reason well before the miscarriage occurs. Apart from that, one must be aware of the signs and causes of miscarriage to avoid the potentially catastrophic consequences, and lead a healthy life which includes moderate exercise, eating healthy, and avoiding smoking, drinking and illicit drugs.


As traumatizing as it can be. Let not miscarriage break you down. Come back mentally and physically stronger to provide a suitable environment for the embryo to implant and for the baby to be born. This is where the fertility specialist can be of unfathomable help.

You deserve every happiness in this world and motherhood is one of them.

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